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What is Instructional Design?

It is strategic planning of a course. It is a blueprint that you design and follow. It helps us connect all the dots to form a clear picture of teaching and learning events.


The acronym "ADDIE" stands for Analyze, Design, Develop, Implement, and Evaluate. It is an Instructional Design model that has withstood the test of time and use. It is simply a "device" to help us think through a course's design. Though the model appears linear, it does not have to be followed rigidly or in a linear approach, especially if you already have course materials developed. The table below gives an abbreviated overview of some of the components of ADDIE.

ADDIE does not suggest or follow specific learning theories; it is a project management tool. It helps us think about the different steps in course and instructional design.

To get a more in-depth understanding of course design, begin by clicking on the Analyze button on the banner above.

Pre-planning; thinking about the course Design your course on paper Develop course materials and assemble the course Begin teaching Look at the course outcomes with a critical eye
  • Design of course
  • Audience
  • Goal
  • Objectives
  • Identify contnet
  • Identify Environment and Delivery
  • Instructional Strategies
  • Assessment Strategies
  • Formative Evaluation
  • Constraints
  • Name the learning units of Instruction
  • Identify content and strategies for an individual unit of instruction
  • Write instructions for the learning unit
  • Name the menu items for a learning module
  • Based on design phase
  • Build content, assignments, assessments
  • Build course structure
  • Upload content
  • Overview of course
  • Expectations
  • Initiate instruction
  • Interaction
  • Ask for feedback early on (formative evaluation)
  • Did the students achieve expected learning outcomes?
  • What have you learned?
  • How can you make the course better?

Note: The material below is what I'm using as reference material to develop this site. Ignore it...

Online Plan Draft

Instructional Design Principles:

Addie Models: (Very thorough) (Don Clark's site)

Learning by Design (Backward Design):


Sloan Consortium - Research, best practices

Seven Principles of Effective Teaching (Suny)

Instructional Design Checklist (pdf) | Rubric for Online Instruction (California State University, Chico)

Principles of Online Design | Checklist for Online Course Design (Florida Gulf Coast University)

Course Design Tips (Raleigh's site)

Faculty Training for Online Teaching:

Copyright Issues

Roles of Faculty in Online Courses

Communication in Online Courses

Instructional Design - The Big Picture (Work them through the process)

Survey Faculty for Online Course Experience

  • Number of years as faculty
  • partial/fully
  • tools
  • expectations for this course

Online Teaching/Learning Strategies

  • Authentic learning
  • Group/collaborative work online

Time Management Strategies

Sloan Consortium

Stating Goal/Objectives (Bloom)

Writing Test Questions for Higher-Order Thinking

Teaching Strategies for Adult Learners

Formative/Summative Evaluation

Giving Explicit Directions

  • Instructions/Overview Pages
  • Rubrics
  • Study Guides

Characteristics of Good Online Learners

Course Mapping

Orienting the Students to Your Online Course